From FinalTheoryofChess

Jump to: navigation, search

Pawn Structure Classification Code (PSCC): 4f-0



  • This defense is named after Henry Edward Bird (1830-1908) who popularized the opening. Bird’s Opening, like the Dutch Defense, Sicilian Defense, and English Opening, attempts to influence the center using a flank pawn. It is something of a Dutch Defense with colors reversed. For this reason, it is sometimes called the ‘Dutch Attack.’
  • "This form of opening has become very popular during the past three or four years. It was frequently played in the 1873 match between Bird and Wisker. Anderssen favours this opening. Steinitz prefers P. to Q. B. 4 for first move ; and we believe considers that P. to K. B. 4 cannot be played in reply by second player without his obtaining an inferior opening" (Bird, p. 162).
  • "[1...e5] constitutes the From Gambit. Black can also play P—K B 4 or P—Q 4" (Marshall, p. 98).

Computer Analysis

  1. [30] –0.19: 1...Nf6 2.Nf3 e6 3.e3 c5 4.b3 Be7 5.Bb2 0–0 6.Be2 b6 7.0–0 Nc6 8.Ne5 Bb7 9.c4 d5 10.Na3 h6 11.Nc2 Qc7 12.Rc1 Rae8 13.Bf3 Ne4 14.cxd5 exd5 15.d3 Nf6 16.d4 ;
  2. [30] –0.19: 1...e6 2.Nf3 d5 3.e3 Nf6 4.b3 Be7 5.Be2 b6 6.0–0 0–0 7.Bb2 c5 8.c4 Nc6 9.cxd5 exd5 10.Ne5 Bb7 11.Na3 Rc8 12.Bf3 a6 13.Nc2 h6 14.Rc1 Bd6 15.Be2 Re8 16.Nxc6;
  3. [30] –0.17: 1...d5 2.e3 Nf6 3.Nf3 e6 4.b3 Be7 5.Be2 b6 6.0–0 0–0 7.Bb2 c5 8.Na3 Bb7 9.c4 Nc6 10.Ne5 Rc8 11.Nc2 Bd6 12.cxd5 exd5 13.Ng4 d4 14.exd4 cxd4 15.Nxd4 Nxd4 16.Bxd4;
  4. [30] –0.03: 1...a6 2.e3 d5 3.Nf3 Bf5 4.Be2 e6 5.0–0 Nf6 6.b3 Be7 7.Ne5 h6 8.Bb2 0–0 9.c4 Nbd7 10.Nc3 Nxe5 11.fxe5 Ne4 12.d3 Nxc3 13.Bxc3 c6 14.h3 Re8 15.Qd2 Bg6 16.Rac1 dxc4 17.bxc4;
  5. [30] –0.01: 1...c5 2.e4 e6 3.Nc3 d5 4.Bb5+ Nc6 5.Nf3 Nf6 6.d3 Be7 7.e5 Nd7 8.Bxc6 bxc6 9.0–0 0–0 10.b3 Rb8 11.Qe2 Qb6 12.Na4 Qc7 13.Nc3 Bb7 14.a4 h6 15.Bd2 Ba6 16.h3 Bb7 17.a5;
  6. [30] 0.00: 1...Nc6 2.Nf3 d5 3.e3 Bf5 4.Bb5 e6 5.Nc3 Bb4 6.a3 Bxc3 7.bxc3 Nge7 8.0–0 0–0 9.Be2 Na5 10.d3 c5 11.h3 Bg6 12.Nh4 Nac6 13.Nxg6 Nxg6 14.e4 b6 15.Rb1 f6 16.Bd2 dxe4;
  7. [30] 0.00: 1...c6 2.e3 d5 3.Nf3 Bf5 4.Be2 Nf6 5.0–0 e6 6.b3 h6 7.Bb2 Nbd7 8.c4 Bd6 9.Nc3 0–0 10.Rc1 Qe7 11.h3 Bh7 12.d4 Bb4 13.c5 Bxc3 14.Bxc3 Ne4 15.Bd3 Ng3 16.Bxh7+ Kxh7 17.Qc2+ Kg8;


  • 1...d5
  • 1...e5 (Bird's Opening - From's Gambit)
  • 1...f5
  • 1...g5 (Hobbs Gambit, Bird)
  • 1...Nf6
  • 1...Nh6 (Horsefly Defense, Bird)
Image:chess zhor 26.png
Image:chess zver 26.png a8 rd b8 nd c8 bd d8 qd e8 kd f8 bd g8 nd h8 rd Image:chess zver 26.png
a7 pd b7 pd c7 pd d7 pd e7 pd f7 pd g7 pd h7 pd
a6 b6 c6 d6 e6 f6 g6 h6
a5 b5 c5 d5 e5 f5 g5 h5
a4 b4 c4 d4 e4 f4 pl g4 h4
a3 b3 c3 d3 e3 f3 g3 h3
a2 pl b2 pl c2 pl d2 pl e2 pl f2 g2 pl h2 pl
a1 rl b1 nl c1 bl d1 ql e1 kl f1 bl g1 nl h1 rl
Image:chess zhor 26.png
Bird Opening
Image:Chess_zver_27_2.PNG a8 rl b8 nl c8 bl d8 kl e8 ql f8 bl g8 nl h8 rl Image:Chess_zver_27_2.PNG
a7 pl b7 pl c7 d7 pl e7 pl f7 pl g7 pl h7 pl
a6 b6 c6 d6 e6 f6 g6 h6
a5 b5 c5 pl d5 e5 f5 g5 h5
a4 b4 c4 d4 e4 f4 g4 h4
a3 b3 c3 d3 e3 f3 g3 h3
a2 pd b2 pd c2 pd d2 pd e2 pd f2 pd g2 pd h2 pd
a1 rd b1 nd c1 bd d1 kd e1 qd f1 bd g1 nd h1 rd
Bird Opening


Chess Program

DroidFish w/ Stockfish Six (6)


"DroidFish is an Android port of the very strong Stockfish chess engine, combined with a feature-rich GUI."


  1. Bird, H. E. The Chess Openings, Considered Critically and Practically (London: Dean, 1877; New York: Lockwood, 1880, 1886) ISBN 9781166986032
  2. Danelishen, Gary (2008), The Final Theory of Chess, Phillidor Press, ISBN 978-0981567709
  3. Marshall, Frank (1904). Chess Openings. Leeds: WHITEHEAD & MILLER, 38, PARK CROSS STREET.
Personal tools