1.e4 e5

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Contents

Commentary

  • "Both White's and Black's initial moves here are perfectly natural and normal: both assist development and affect vital central squares.

    As long as Black can retain symmetry, White can lay no claim to an advantage. Consequently the task is to compel the defender to give up his strong centre positions, in other words to abandon his pawn at e5.

    White can achieve this aim only by playing d4. If Black then replies with ...exd4 he will be left with a Pawn at d6 (eventually) vs. his opponent's at e4 and our general theory of the game teaches us that such a pawn structure is favorable for White.
    ...
    [T]here are two types of defense which Black may adopt in his search for equality. The first is the 'strong point method' where he retains a pawn at e5 come what may. The second is the counter-attack, where he relinquishes his e-pawn but compels White to give up his e-pawn as well, or to weaken his position otherwise. (It is worth noting that the execution of this plan does not involve hitting at the e-pawn at every move; it is the set-up as a whole that counts.)"
    [Fine, Reuben (1943).‘’The Ideas Behind the Chess Openings’’. p. 6].
  • "1....P-K4 is, theoretically and practically, the only completely satisfactory answer to 1.P-K4" (Tarrasch, p.314).
  • "Practically (in effect) the game is always begun in movement of one of the four centre Pawns on each side. Of the sixty-four ways of opening thus possible, one, namely, 1 P—K 4, P—K 4, takes precedence of all the others together; a reason for this being that it liberates the greater quantity of force—takes greater command of the field than can be attained by any other first move" (Mason, p. xx).

Computer Analysis

  1. [26] 0.13: 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.0–0 Nxe4 5.d4 Be7 6.dxe5 0–0 7.Re1 d5 8.exd6 Nxd6 9.Ba4 b5 10.Bb3 Bf6 11.Nc3 Na5 12.Bf4 b4 13.Nd5 Bxb2 14.Ne7+ Kh8 15.Nxc8 Qxc8 ;
  2. [26] 0.12: 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.Nf3 Nc6 4.Bb5 Bb4 5.0–0 0–0 6.Bxc6 dxc6 7.Nxe5 Re8 8.Nd3 Bxc3 9.dxc3 Nxe4 10.Qf3 Ng5 11.Bxg5 Qxg5 12.Rfe1 Rxe1+ 13.Rxe1 Be6 14.Qg3 Qxg3 15.hxg3 b6 16.Nf4 Re8 17.Nxe6 Rxe6 18.Rxe6;
  3. [26] 0.08: 2.Bc4 Nf6 3.Nc3 Bc5 4.Nf3 d6 5.d3 h6 6.Na4 Bb6 7.Bd2 0–0 8.h3 Bd7 9.Nxb6 axb6 10.0–0 Nc6 11.b4 Be6 12.Bxe6 fxe6 13.a4 Nd4 14.Nxd4 exd4 15.c3;
  4. [26] 0.02: 2.Be2 Nf6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Nf3 Bxc3 5.bxc3 Nxe4 6.Nxe5 0–0 7.0–0 Re8 8.Nf3 d5 9.c4 d4 10.Rb1 Nc6 11.Bd3 Nc5 12.Re1 b6 13.Rxe8+ Qxe8 14.Bb2 Nxd3 15.cxd3;
  5. [26] 0.00: 2.a3 Nf6 3.Nc3 Bc5 4.Nf3 d6 5.Bc4 Nc6 6.h3 Nd4 7.d3 0–0 8.Nxd4 Bxd4 9.0–0 Bd7 10.Bd2 c6 11.Ne2 Bb6 12.Nc3 Bd4;
  6. [26] 0.00: 2.d4 exd4 3.Nf3 Nc6 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nxc6 bxc6 6.e5 Qe7 7.Qe2 Nd5 8.Nd2 Nf4 9.Qe3 Nd5 10.Qe2;
  7. [26] –0.01: 2.d3 Nc6 3.Be2 Nf6 4.Nf3 d5 5.exd5 Nxd5 6.0–0 Bf5 7.a3 Bd6 8.c4 Nf6 9.h3 0–0 10.Nc3 h6 11.Be3 a5 12.Nd2 a4 13.Nb5 Qd7 14.Nxd6 Qxd6;
  8. [26] –0.03: 2.Ne2 Nf6 3.Nbc3 Nc6 4.d4 exd4 5.Nxd4 Bb4 6.Nxc6 bxc6 7.Bd3 0–0 8.0–0 Re8 9.Re1 d6 10.h3 Bxc3 11.bxc3 Rb8 12.f3 h6 13.Bf4 Nd7 14.Be3 Nc5 15.Rb1 Rxb1 16.Qxb1;
  9. [26] –0.06: 2.Qh5 d6 3.Bc4 g6 4.Qd1 Nf6 5.Nc3 Bg7 6.Nf3 Nc6 7.0–0 Bg4 8.Be2 0–0 9.d3 Bxf3 10.Bxf3 Nd4 11.Bg5 c6 12.a3 a6 13.Be3 d5 14.Bg5 Qb6 15.exd5;
  10. [26] –0.10: 2.c4 Bc5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Be2 d6 5.Nf3 0–0 6.d3 Nc6 7.Bd2 a5 8.0–0 Bd7 9.h3 Re8 10.a3 h6 11.Rc1 a4 12.Nd5 Nxd5 13.cxd5 Nd4 14.Nxd4 Bxd4;
  11. [26] –0.11: 2.h3 Nf6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Nf3 0–0 5.Nxe5 d5 6.a3 Bxc3 7.dxc3 Re8 8.Nf3 Nxe4 9.Be2 c5 10.0–0 Bf5 11.Bf4 Nc6 12.Re1 g5 13.Be3 a6 14.Bd3 Bg6;
  12. [26] –0.12: 2.Bd3 Nf6 3.Nc3 Bc5 4.Nf3 Nc6 5.0–0 d6 6.Be2 h6 7.d3 a6 8.Be3 Nd4 9.Bd2 0–0 10.Nxd4 Bxd4 11.a4 Be6 12.h3 Re8 13.b3 d5 14.Rb1 Kh8 15.a5;

Continuations

  • 2.a3 (Mengarini Opening)
  • 2.Bb5 (Portuguese Opening)
  • 2.Bc4 (Bishop's Opening)
  • 2.Bd3 (Tortoise Opening)
  • 2.c3 (Lopez Opening or Macleod Attack)
  • 2.c4 (Whale Opening)
  • 2.d3 (Open Game - Clam Variation; Leonardis Variation; Indian Opening)
  • 2.d4 (Center Game)
  • 2.f3 (King's Head)
  • 2.f4 (King's Gambit)
  • 2.Nc3 (Vienna Game)
  • 2.Ne2 (Alapin Opening)
  • 2.Nf3 (Epine Dorsale)
  • 2.Qf3 (Open Game - Napoleon Attack)
  • 2.Qh5 (Open Game - Wayward Queen Attack)
Image:chess zhor 26.png
Image:chess zver 26.png a8 rd b8 nd c8 bd d8 qd e8 kd f8 bd g8 nd h8 rd Image:chess zver 26.png
a7 pd b7 pd c7 pd d7 pd e7 f7 pd g7 pd h7 pd
a6 b6 c6 d6 e6 f6 g6 h6
a5 b5 c5 d5 e5 pd f5 g5 h5
a4 b4 c4 d4 e4 pl f4 g4 h4
a3 b3 c3 d3 e3 f3 g3 h3
a2 pl b2 pl c2 pl d2 pl e2 f2 pl g2 pl h2 pl
a1 rl b1 nl c1 bl d1 ql e1 kl f1 bl g1 nl h1 rl
Image:chess zhor 26.png
King's Pawn Opening
Image:Chess_zhor_27_2.PNG
Image:Chess_zver_27_2.PNG a8 rl b8 nl c8 bl d8 kl e8 ql f8 bl g8 nl h8 rl Image:Chess_zver_27_2.PNG
a7 pl b7 pl c7 pl d7 e7 pl f7 pl g7 pl h7 pl
a6 b6 c6 d6 e6 f6 g6 h6
a5 b5 c5 d5 pl e5 f5 g5 h5
a4 b4 c4 d4 pd e4 f4 g4 h4
a3 b3 c3 d3 e3 f3 g3 h3
a2 pd b2 pd c2 pd d2 e2 pd f2 pd g2 pd h2 pd
a1 rd b1 nd c1 bd d1 kd e1 qd f1 bd g1 nd h1 rd
Image:Chess_zhor_27_2.PNG
King's Pawn Opening

1.e4 e5














Chess Program

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Description

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Reference(s)

  1. Fine, Reuben (1943). The Ideas Behind the Chess Openings. ISBN 0-8129-1756-1.
  2. Mason, James (1897). Chess Openings. LONDON: HORACE COX, WINDSOR HOUSE, BREEM’S BUILDINGS, E.C.
  3. Tarrasch, Siegbert. The Game of Chess. New York: Dover Publications, 1987 [1935]. ISBN 0-486-25447-X
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