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  • "10. The most popular beginning of the game is to move two squares with the pawn (White always begins) in front of the king (e2-e4) if you like an attacking game. However, this is somewhat dangerous because tactical complications can arise almost immediately" (Bronstein, pp. 25-26).
  • "11.After the opening move of this king's pawn, not only the knights but also the queen, the bishop next to the king and the king itself (of course not all at once but one of the pieces at the player's discretion) can now make a move: the king - one square forward (to e2), the queen and bishop to any diagonal square (e2, f3, g4 and h5, and e3, d3, c4, b5 and a6 respectively)" (Bronstein, pp. 25-26).
  • "12. The king's knight, besides going to the squares in front of the bishop's and rook's pawns (f3 and h3 respectively), can now also go to the square from where the pawn has just moved (e2). But whereas the bishop will move along the light-squared diagonals all the game, the queen, once she has gained more space, can move any number of squares in any direction, and the king - in any direction but only to a neighboring square" (Bronstein, pp. 25-26).
  • An older name for the King’s Pawn Opening is “The Royal Opening.” Today it is the most popular first move for White as it has been throughout chess history.

Computer Analysis

"Here is 40 ply (the first 6 are depth 40) It is about 30 hours in the making. Less time than the other because I went down to 9 lines.

Analysis by Stockfish PA_GTB 010713 64 SSE4.2 g:

  1. = (0.14): 1...e6 2.Nf3 d5 3.exd5 exd5 4.d4 Nf6 5.Bd3 Bd6 6.0-0 0-0 7.Be3 Nc6 8.c3 h6 9.Re1 Re8 10.Nbd2 Be6 11.Rc1 a6 12.Qc2 Nh5 13.g3 Nf6 14.Nh4 Ng4 15.Nf5 Bxf5 16.Bxf5 Nxe3 17.Rxe3 Rxe3 18.fxe3 Qg5 19.Re1 g6 20.Bd7
  2. = (0.24): 1...e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Bxc6 dxc6 5.0-0 Be6 6.d4 exd4 7.Nxd4 Qf6 8.Nxe6 Qxe6 9.Nc3 Bd6 10.Qf3 0-0-0 11.Bf4 Bxf4 12.Qxf4 Nf6 13.f3 h6 14.Rad1 Rhe8 15.a3 Kb8 16.Rfe1 Qe7 17.Qe3 Nd5 18.Qd4 Nxc3
  3. = (0.24): 1...Nc6 2.Nf3 e5 3.Bb5 a6 4.Bxc6 dxc6 5.0-0 Be6 6.d4 exd4 7.Nxd4 Qf6 8.Nxe6 Qxe6 9.Nc3 Bd6 10.Qf3 0-0-0 11.Bf4 Bxf4 12.Qxf4 Nf6 13.f3 h6 14.Rad1 Rhe8 15.a3 Kb8 16.Rfe1 Qe7 17.Qe3 Nd5 18.Qd4 Nxc3
  4. +/= (0.30): 1...c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 e6 4.0-0 Nge7 5.d4 cxd4 6.Nxd4 Qb6 7.Nxc6 dxc6 8.Bd3 Ng6 9.Qh5 Be7 10.Nd2 e5 11.Nf3 0-0 12.b3 Be6 13.Ng5 Bxg5 14.Bxg5 f6 15.Be3 Qc7 16.g3 Rfd8 17.Rfd1 Qa5 18.f4
  5. +/= (0.34): 1...c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nd2 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Bf5 5.Ng3 Bg6 6.Nf3 Nd7 7.Bd3 e6 8.0-0 Ngf6 9.Re1 Bd6 10.Bg5 Qc7 11.c4 0-0 12.Bxg6 hxg6 13.c5 Bxg3 14.hxg3 Nd5 15.Bd2 Rfe8 16.Qb3 Rab8 17.Rac1 e5 18.dxe5 Nxe5 19.Ng5 f6 20.Ne4 Re7 21.Qc2
  6. +/= (0.34): 1...a6 2.d4 e6 3.Nc3 d5 4.Bd3 Nf6 5.Be3 Nc6 6.e5 Nd7 7.Qg4 h5 8.Qg3 h4 9.Qf4 Nb4 10.0-0-0 c5 11.Nf3 cxd4 12.Bxd4 Be7 13.Kb1 b5 14.Qg4 Kf8 15.Ne2 Nxd3 16.Rxd3 Bb7 17.Nf4 Rc8 18.Rhd1
  7. +/= (0.54): 1...d6 2.d4 Nd7 3.Nf3 e5 4.c4 Be7 5.Nc3 exd4 6.Nxd4 Bf6 7.Nd5 c6 8.Nxf6+ Ngxf6 9.Nf5 Nxe4 10.Nxd6+ Nxd6 11.Qxd6 f6 12.Be2 Ne5 13.Qxd8+ Kxd8 14.f4 Ng6 15.g3 Re8 16.Kf2 Kc7 17.Be3 Bf5 18.Rhe1 Be4 19.Bd4 b6 20.Bg4
  8. +/= (0.57): 1...h6 2.Nc3 e6 3.d4 d5 4.Bd3 Nf6 5.Be3 dxe4 6.Nxe4 Bd7 7.Nxf6+ Qxf6 8.Nf3 Bd6 9.0-0 Bc6 10.Nd2 Nd7 11.c4 0-0-0 12.Qh5 Kb8 13.Be4 Bxe4 14.Nxe4 Qg6 15.Qxg6 fxg6 16.f3 Nf6 17.Nxd6 cxd6 18.Rae1 Rhe8 19.Kf2 Kc7 20.Bd2
  9. +/= (0.58): 1...Nf6 2.e5 Nd5 3.d4 d6 4.Nf3 Bf5 5.Bd3 Bxd3 6.Qxd3 e6 7.0-0 dxe5 8.dxe5 Nc6 9.Qe2 Be7 10.c4 Nb6 11.Nc3 Nd7 12.Rd1 0-0 13.Qe4 Qc8 14.Be3 a5 15.h3 Rd8 16.Nb5 Nf8 17.Nfd4 Nxd4 18.Rxd4"

The foregoing quoted text and analysis was posted to the Rybka Chess Community Forum on 2013-07-11 by mindbreaker.


  • 1...a5 (Ware Defense; Corn Stalks)
  • 1...a6 (St George; Birmingham; Baker)
  • 1...b5 (Polish Gambit)
  • 1...b6 (Owen's Defense; Greek Defense)
  • 1...c5 (Sicilian Defense)
  • 1...c6 (Caro-Kann Defense)
  • 1...d5 (Scandinavian Defense)
  • 1...d6 (Pirc Defense)
  • 1...e6 (French Defense)
  • 1...e5 (Open Game)
  • 1...f5 (Fred; From Reversed; Mao Tse Tung; Duras; Tiers Counter-Gambit)
  • 1...f6 (Barnes Defense)
  • 1...g5 (Basman Defense; Macho Grob; Macho Grob; Borg)
  • 1...g6 (Modern Defense)
  • 1...h5 (Pickering (Goldsmith) Defense)
  • 1...h6 (Carr Defense)
  • 1...Na6 (Lemming Defense)
  • 1...Nc6 (Nimzovich Defense)
  • 1...Nf6 (Alekhine Defence)
  • 1...Nh6 (Adams Defense; Wild Bull Defense)
Image:chess zhor 26.png
Image:chess zver 26.png a8 rd b8 nd c8 bd d8 qd e8 kd f8 bd g8 nd h8 rd Image:chess zver 26.png
a7 pd b7 pd c7 pd d7 pd e7 pd f7 pd g7 pd h7 pd
a6 b6 c6 d6 e6 f6 g6 h6
a5 b5 c5 d5 e5 f5 g5 h5
a4 b4 c4 d4 e4 pl f4 g4 h4
a3 b3 c3 d3 e3 f3 g3 h3
a2 pl b2 pl c2 pl d2 pl e2 f2 pl g2 pl h2 pl
a1 rl b1 nl c1 bl d1 ql e1 kl f1 bl g1 nl h1 rl
Image:chess zhor 26.png
King's Pawn Opening
Image:Chess_zver_27_2.PNG a8 rl b8 nl c8 bl d8 kl e8 ql f8 bl g8 nl h8 rl Image:Chess_zver_27_2.PNG
a7 pl b7 pl c7 pl d7 e7 pl f7 pl g7 pl h7 pl
a6 b6 c6 d6 e6 f6 g6 h6
a5 b5 c5 d5 pl e5 f5 g5 h5
a4 b4 c4 d4 e4 f4 g4 h4
a3 b3 c3 d3 e3 f3 g3 h3
a2 pd b2 pd c2 pd d2 pd e2 pd f2 pd g2 pd h2 pd
a1 rd b1 nd c1 bd d1 kd e1 qd f1 bd g1 nd h1 rd
King's Pawn Opening


Chess Program



"Stockfish is an open source UCI chess engine, developed by Tord Romstad, Joona Kiiski and Marco Costalba and licensed under the GNU General Public License."


  1. Bronstein, David & Furstenberg,Tom. The Sorcerer’s Apprentice. Everyman Publishers 1997 (1995). ISBN 1-85744-151-6
  2. Danelishen, Gary (2008), The Final Theory of Chess, Phillidor Press, ISBN 978-0981567709
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