1.Nf3

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Contents

Commentary

  • This opening is named after Richard Réti (1889 – 1929). Réti was a famous Czechoslovakian chess player of the Hypermodern School of the 1920’s. He used ‘1.Nf3’ to defeat the reigning World Champion José Raúl Capablanca in 1924. ‘1.Nf3’ is also known as the Zukertort Opening or by the unoriginal sounding King's Knight Opening. Johann Hermann Zukertort (1842 – 1888) sometimes played this opening, transposing into a Queen’s Pawn Opening early in the game. Aron Isaewitsch Nimzowitsch(1886 – 1935) described this move as “the most solid move, whereas moves such as 1.e4 and d4 are both ‘committal’ and ‘compromising.’ ” Nimzowitsch often followed ‘1.Nf3’ with ‘b3,’ ‘e3,’ and ‘Bb3’ – a variation known as the Nimzowitsch-Larsen attack. Réti, on the other hand, often handled the opening as a reversed Benoni Defense playing an early ‘c4.’
  • "Reti's Opening - a very difficult subject. The move 1.Kt-KB3 was played by Zukertort, who, after 1...P-Q4, immediately transposed into the Queen's Pawn Game by 2.P-Q4. Reti, who died in his prime a few years ago, utilised 1.Kt-KB3 as a preliminarly to a profound - but, to my mind, a completely faulty - system. After 1.Kt-KB3 he held back his centre pawns, developed his Bishops on the flanks and allowed his opponent to occupy the centre with pawns which he afterwards attacked, as, for example, in the famous game Reti vs. Dr. Lasker (New York tournament, 1924)" (Tarrasch, pp.353-354).

Computer Analysis

  1. [32] 0.13: 1...Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.d4 c5 5.e3 0–0 6.Bd2 cxd4 7.exd4 d5 8.a3 Bxc3 9.Bxc3 Nc6 10.Rc1 h6 11.Be2 dxc4 12.0–0 b6 13.Bxc4 Bb7 14.Re1 Nd5 15.Bd2 Rc8 16.Bb5 Nce7 17.Rxc8 Qxc8 18.Ne5 f6 ;
  2. [32] 0.16: 1...e6 2.d4 Nf6 3.c4 b6 4.Nc3 Bb4 5.e3 0–0 6.Bd3 d5 7.cxd5 exd5 8.0–0 c5 9.Ne5 Bb7 10.Qa4 Nbd7 11.Nxd7 Nxd7 12.Bd2 a5 13.Bb5 Nf6 14.a3 Bxc3 15.Bxc3 Ne4 16.dxc5 Nxc5 17.Qc2 Rc8 18.Bd2;
  3. [32] 0.20: 1...d5 2.d4 Bf5 3.c4 e6 4.Nc3 Bb4 5.e3 Nf6 6.Qb3 Nc6 7.Bd2 Rb8 8.a3 Ba5 9.Be2 0–0 10.0–0 Re8 11.Rac1 Ne4 12.Be1 h6 13.h3 a6 14.Nxe4 Bxe4 15.cxd5 exd5 16.Bxa5 Nxa5 17.Qc3 Nc6;
  4. [32] 0.22: 1...c5 2.e4 Nc6 3.Bb5 d6 4.0–0 Bd7 5.d4 cxd4 6.Nxd4 Nf6 7.Nc3 e6 8.Be3 Be7 9.Be2 0–0 10.f4 a6 11.a3 d5 12.Nxc6 Bxc6 13.e5 Ne4 14.Nxe4 dxe4 15.Qxd8 Rfxd8 16.Rfd1 Rac8 17.Bb6 Rxd1+ 18.Rxd1 Bb5 19.Bxb5 axb5;
  5. [32] 0.22: 1...c6 2.d4 d5 3.Bf4 Bf5 4.e3 e6 5.Nbd2 Bd6 6.Bxd6 Qxd6 7.c4 Ne7 8.Qb3 Qc7 9.Bd3 Bxd3 10.Qxd3 Nd7 11.0–0 0–0 12.h3 h6 13.Rac1 Rfe8 14.a3 Rac8 15.b4 a5 16.bxa5 Qxa5 17.c5 Kh8;
  6. [32] 0.25: 1...a6 2.e4 e6 3.d4 d5 4.exd5 exd5 5.Bd3 Bd6 6.0–0 Ne7 7.Nbd2 Nbc6 8.c4 Nb4 9.Bb1 0–0 10.Re1 Nbc6 11.c5 Bf4 12.Nb3 Bxc1 13.Qxc1 Bf5 14.Bxf5 Nxf5 15.Qf4 Nfe7 16.a3 Ng6 17.Qg3 f6 18.Nbd2 b6 19.cxb6 cxb6;
  7. [32] 0.30: 1...Nc6 2.d4 d5 3.c4 Bg4 4.cxd5 Bxf3 5.gxf3 Qxd5 6.e3 e6 7.Nc3 Qd7 8.a3 Nf6 9.b4 0–0–0 10.Bb2 Kb8 11.Bd3 Bd6 12.b5 Ne7 13.Ne4 Nxe4 14.fxe4 f5 15.exf5 exf5 16.0–0 h6 17.Re1;

Continuations

  • 1...c5
  • 1...d5
  • 1...d6 (Wade Defense, Reti)
  • 1...e6
  • 1...f5
  • 1...g5 (Herrstrom Gambit, Oberndorfer Gambit)
  • 1...Nc6 (Lessing Defense)
  • 1...Nf6
Image:chess zhor 26.png
Image:chess zver 26.png a8 rd b8 nd c8 bd d8 qd e8 kd f8 bd g8 nd h8 rd Image:chess zver 26.png
a7 pd b7 pd c7 pd d7 pd e7 pd f7 pd g7 pd h7 pd
a6 b6 c6 d6 e6 f6 g6 h6
a5 b5 c5 d5 e5 f5 g5 h5
a4 b4 c4 d4 e4 f4 g4 h4
a3 b3 c3 d3 e3 f3 nl g3 h3
a2 pl b2 pl c2 pl d2 pl e2 pl f2 pl g2 pl h2 pl
a1 rl b1 nl c1 bl d1 ql e1 kl f1 bl g1 h1 rl
Image:chess zhor 26.png
Réti Opening
Image:Chess_zhor_27_2.PNG
Image:Chess_zver_27_2.PNG a8 rl b8 c8 bl d8 kl e8 ql f8 bl g8 nl h8 rl Image:Chess_zver_27_2.PNG
a7 pl b7 pl c7 pl d7 pl e7 pl f7 pl g7 pl h7 pl
a6 b6 c6 nl d6 e6 f6 g6 h6
a5 b5 c5 d5 e5 f5 g5 h5
a4 b4 c4 d4 e4 f4 g4 h4
a3 b3 c3 d3 e3 f3 g3 h3
a2 pd b2 pd c2 pd d2 pd e2 pd f2 pd g2 pd h2 pd
a1 rd b1 nd c1 bd d1 kd e1 qd f1 bd g1 nd h1 rd
Image:Chess_zhor_27_2.PNG
Réti Opening

1.Nf3














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Reference(s)

  1. Danelishen, Gary (2008), The Final Theory of Chess, Phillidor Press, ISBN 978-0981567709
  2. Tarrasch, Siegbert. The Game of Chess. New York: Dover Publications, 1987 [1935].
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